Bioremediation and OBT®
Bioremediation is the process of using microbial agents to convert or degrade organic compounds, such as crude oil and gasoline, into non-toxic substances (carbon dioxide and water). Potential bioremediation applications include:
- Clean-up of massive environmental disasters (open water oil spills, tanker break-ups)
- Treating Soil/groundwater hydrocarbon contamination
- Breakdown of diesel and gasoline range organics in a bioremediation system
The efficiency of bioremediation is demonstrated most dramatically by nature. Nature recycles organic compounds through the process commonly known as the "carbon cycle." For example, a significant portion of cleanup at Prince William Sound (the site of the Exxon-Valdez spill) was handled by naturally-occurring microorganisms.
Many thousands of bacteria species exist. Most sustain bacterial digestion in some form. Any given bacteria, however, may occur naturally in only a limited environment, require specialized food sources, or have a unique biological role. In most cases, naturally occurring organisms are not in sufficient concentrations to produce a complete or prompt result. Thus, an opportunity exists to enhance and accelerate the natural process by the introduction of concentrated microbes and nutrients.
The art of developing bioremediation products lies in the selection and combination of microbes and nutrients. The ideal compound produces a sustained chemical reaction, breaking down the complex, harmful contaminant into simple and harmless molecules and base elements.
For reasons of principle and pragmatism, only naturally occurring, non-genetically manipulated microorganisms comprise our OBT®
formula. Our scientists evaluated selected microbes to identify their respective abilities to degrade specific chemical structures.
Further experimentation was conducted to test the interaction of the microbes with environmental variables. Finally, we identified both the strains of microbes which produced the best result at various points in the process (as various molecules need to be broken down at various junctures), and the energy sources from which the microbes could feed to sustain that process. The results are bioaugmentation compounds containing microorganisms that work in concert, possessing the bacteriological and enzymatic systems necessary to degrade targeted contaminants in a manner both effective and cost efficient across a broad application spectrum.OBT®
is free-flowing powder; the microorganisms activate in warm water. In dry-form, the products remain stable for a period of at least two years when stored in a cool and dry place. OBT®
remediates both water (freshwater and saltwater) and soil contamination. Normative treatment of contaminated soils can be ex situ, in earthen dikes, or through use of bioreactor equipment and in situ, where treatment is done through land farming or direct spray application. OBT®
- Resists toxic shocks (including sudden influx of hydrocarbons and limited concentrations of heavy metals)
- Is effective across a broad range of pH levels and temperature ranges.
- Contains an extremely high residual bacterial count.
- Does not generate hydrogen sulfide, thereby minimizing noxious odors.
- Is equally effective in salt and fresh water.